Post Tagged with: "Retirement Plan"

Top Options for Financial and Retirement Planning

coins in a jar labeled retirementThere was a time when people could make do with their Social Security checks and any pension plan their company has when they retire. That time has passed.

Rising costs for basic needs make financial and retirement planning necessary. Among the top options for you are IRAs, Roth IRAs, and 401(k)s. Here are the pros and cons to help you decide.

IRAs

The IRA or Individual Retirement Account is a good option if you have some money to put away and you want to be in control. You can choose where to put it, such as a bank or brokerage firm. You can also put in cash, stocks, or bonds. The good thing about IRAs is you pay taxes on your investments when you are ready to use the money. You can also add IRA contributions to your tax deductions if you don’t have a 401(k).

The problem is that the IRS limits your yearly contribution to just $5,500 if you’re not yet 50 years old. The limit rises to $6,500 once you hit 50 years old. You also pay a penalty if you take money out of the IRA before the age of 59.

Roth IRAs

A Roth IRA is a good option if you are young, you have some extra money, and you expect your income to rise. This is because your taxes will probably be higher when you get older. Putting money aside now while you pay lower taxes means you’ll have more money in the account by the time you retire. They are like regular IRAs except that you pay taxes on your contributions.

However, you do not have to pay taxes when you use the money after retirement age. The good thing about a Roth IRA is you can withdraw money from the account at any time without penalty. The bad thing is you have the same limits as a regular IRA in terms of the amount you can contribute to an account.

401(k)s

A 401(k) is a retirement plan sponsored by your employer. They deduct your contributions from your pay automatically. You can contribute up to $18,500 a year ($24,500 if you are over 50) to an account. Whatever you contribute is exempt from taxes, although you do pay taxes when you withdraw the money. The employer may also choose to match your contributions, so this is free money.

The problem is you do not get to choose where to invest the money. The employer might also require that you stay with the company for a set number of years before they can get the employer contributions. The fees for managing a 401(k) plan can be high as well.

Choosing the right plan will depend on many factors. The top options are generally sound, but it will still depend on your situation. Consult with a financial expert to get some pieces of advice on financial and retirement planning.

March 22, 2018 at 9:30 amFinance